This text was final up to date on March 17, and is now not being up to date. This can be a fast-moving state of affairs, so some info could also be outdated. For the newest updates, learn The New York Instances’s reside coronavirus protection right here.

With summer time quick approaching, many households are questioning simply how lengthy coronavirus will stay on the heart of our lives. The outbreak has sickened folks worldwide and killed hundreds, including a brand new layer of hysteria when serious about potential journey plans.

The illness, which was first recognized in China, is now spreading broadly in different areas of the world, and scores of individuals have grow to be contaminated in the US. In March, officers on the World Well being Group mentioned the unfold of coronavirus is now a pandemic.

[Track the spread of the disease.]

Right here’s the underside line: Proper now, touring presents a threat, even in the US. We all know that some U.S. communities are spreading the illness quickly, however the full extent of its prevalence right here is unknown as a result of testing has been restricted.

Some of the essential issues to consider is the well-being of your fellow passengers and members of the family. Even in case you don’t match the profile of somebody who’s susceptible to creating extreme signs, you may infect somebody who’s. The Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention have posted a number of components to think about in case you are nonetheless contemplating journey.

As we see transmission in communities inside the US, “any dense space of individuals will improve threat of publicity,” mentioned Dr. Aaron M. Milstone, M.D., a professor of pediatrics on the Johns Hopkins College College of Drugs. “What we’re actually making an attempt to do proper now’s to gradual the unfold of the virus to provide folks time to arrange. One of many key methods to realize that’s social distancing.”

In March, the Walt Disney Company announced that it would close every Disney theme park worldwide, including Disney World in Florida and the Disneyland Resort in California, because of the coronavirus pandemic. Disney Cruise Line will also close. Other theme park operators, like Six Flags and Universal Parks and Resorts have additionally introduced closures.

Some states and counties have already banned massive gatherings, quickly shuttering Broadway exhibits, museums and different vacationer sights due to the coronavirus. Almost each main sporting occasion in the US has been suspended or canceled. And the Nationwide Park Service just lately introduced that it’s going to enable park superintendents to shut park amenities and packages as they see match.

The brand new coronavirus, which causes a respiratory sickness referred to as Covid-19, seems to be extra extreme amongst older adults and people with underlying well being situations like coronary heart illness, diabetes and lung illness. Circumstances in youngsters have thus far been uncommon, and youngsters with Covid-19 have usually exhibited delicate signs.

Consultants suggested that everybody needs to be cautious about nonessential journey proper now, and that’s particularly the case for individuals who could also be at greater threat of significant problems associated to Covid-19.

“Now’s the time the place we really do need to begin considering, ‘Effectively, do I actually need to take that journey to go on trip?’” mentioned Dr. Michael Mina, M.D., Ph.D., an assistant professor of epidemiology and immunology on the Harvard T.H. Chan College of Public Well being. “If it have been me, I feel I might most likely attempt to lower my threat as a lot as potential, and a method to do this is lowering journey.”

Not like chickenpox or measles, the virus doesn’t seem like airborne, that means it most definitely doesn’t linger suspended within the air, mentioned Dr. Yvonne Maldonado, M.D., an infectious ailments specialist and professor of pediatrics and epidemiology at Stanford Drugs.

“I don’t know precisely what the mechanism is, however that is actually appearing like a big droplet transmission,” she mentioned, which implies you’re extra prone to get it from contaminated surfaces or folks close to you. “As you sneeze or cough, these are bigger droplets that spew out and so they have a tendency to not journey greater than three ft or so.”

So if somebody on a airplane did have coronavirus, she mentioned, you would wish to the touch the identical floor they touched or sit close to them with a view to probably be contaminated.

The virus is spreading simply inside communities in the US, and the possibility of sitting close to somebody on a airplane who may need Covid-19 will improve because the virus turns into extra widespread, Dr. Milstone mentioned.

If you happen to do must journey by airplane, it’s a good suggestion to make use of alcohol wipes to wash tray tables, rest room handles and different elements of the airplane that you just may contact that aren’t recurrently sanitized by the flight crew.

In case you are an older grownup or in case you have underlying well being issues, the C.D.C. recommends avoiding crowded places and nonessential travel, including long plane trips.

In addition to checking government advisories, be sure to ask your employer about any travel restrictions. Some institutions are asking employees to avoid coming into the office for 14 days if they travel to states with known outbreaks or if they come in contact with people who have coronavirus.

There has been concern that cruise ships might aid transmission of viruses, since passengers are isolated together in an enclosed environment.

In March, the State Department advised Americans against traveling on cruise ships.

“U.S. citizens, particularly travelers with underlying health conditions, should not travel by cruise ship,” the State Department wrote in an alert posted to its website. “While the U.S. government has evacuated some cruise ship passengers in recent weeks, repatriation flights should not be relied upon as an option for U.S. citizens under the potential risk of quarantine by local authorities.”

The C.D.C. has also advised that travelers avoid cruise travel worldwide.

Probably not. The European Union has announced a ban on nearly all travelers from the rest of the world. Argentina and Saudi Arabia have similar bans and many other countries are limiting who may enter.

The State Department has advised U.S. citizens to reconsider travel abroad because of the global impact of Covid-19. And President Trump announced that foreign nationals who had been in certain European countries for the last two weeks would not be allowed to fly to the United States.

The ban does not apply to United States citizens, green card holders or their immediate family members. But all travelers could encounter increased security screenings or airline service reductions.

Right now, the C.D.C. is recommending that all travelers avoid nonessential travel to China, Iran and most of Europe, the United Kingdom and Ireland. Entry of foreign nationals from these destinations has been suspended. The C.D.C. also recommends avoiding nonessential travel to South Korea.

Older adults and people of any age with serious chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for severe disease and should consider postponing nonessential travel, the C.D.C. said.

If you travel to an area without an outbreak, you should be prepared for the possibility of being quarantined if an outbreak develops in the region where you’re traveling.

Dr. Maldonado recommended against going abroad for that reason alone.

“It’s just too unpredictable right now to get out and find yourself quarantined for a couple of weeks,” she said.

If you do decide to travel — within the United States or abroad — experts advise that you wash your hands with soap often, avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth, and use alcohol wipes and gels with at least 60 percent alcohol if you need to wipe down a surface or do not have access to running water and soap.

Don’t bother using a standard face mask unless you are ill, because they have not been shown to be effective at preventing illness and can give a false sense of security, Dr. Mina said.

And if you think you might be sick, cough into your elbow rather than your hands.

Try to stay away from people who appear to be sick, but keep in mind that some people with the virus do not show symptoms or only have mild symptoms, which is another reason good hygiene is important.

“I think that it would be very, very surprising if it did not transmit at least to some degree asymptomatically,” Dr. Mina said. “The majority of symptoms from a viral infection come from the immunological response to that infection. So by the time you’re actually having symptoms you’ve already enlisted a pretty good, robust immune response and that means you’ve already had virus that’s replicating.”

Ever since news of the coronavirus outbreak surfaced in January, the updates have been swift and unpredictable. The outbreak, which originated in China, quickly spread to other countries.

Families making vacation plans need to be prepared to pivot at a moment’s notice.

For the latest information, check the C.D.C. website for travel alerts and the website of the W.H.O., which has been issuing daily updates about the spread of the coronavirus. The New York Times has also been tracking news about the outbreak in a series of live updates and articles.

One silver lining for parents traveling with kids is that children appear to be less susceptible to coronavirus than middle-aged or older adults, though it is unclear what part they may play in spreading the disease.

[Need a primer on coronavirus? Here’s what parents need to know.]

As information emerges about how the virus is transmitted and how lethal it is, you can make a more informed decision about what risks you’re willing to take while traveling. Right now, the mortality rate of coronavirus is still poorly understood, in part because we don’t truly know how many people have been infected. People with mild cases, for example, may have never visited a doctor and some deaths may be unreported. Right now experts say that coronavirus has a fatality rate of under 3 percent. It appears to be more deadly than influenza, which has a fatality rate of 0.1 percent, but much less deadly than MERS or SARS, two different types of coronaviruses.

During the travel ban to China and other high-risk areas, major US airlines have been canceling flights and offering free rebooking or refunds. But what if you’re concerned about an area that doesn’t have a travel ban?

[Advice about traveling during the coronavirus outbreak.]

Kasara Barto, public relations manager at Squaremouth, a travel insurance comparison service, said the company received a “huge spike” in calls from travelers asking about insurance coverage during the coronavirus outbreak.

It’s important to read all the fine print and understand what trip insurance does and doesn’t cover to ensure that you’ll receive a reimbursement.

“Under a standard policy, fear of traveling is never a covered reason to cancel a trip,” Barto said.

There is, however, a “cancel for any reason” policy, she said, that allows travelers to cancel their plans for any reason at all — including worries about contracting coronavirus — up to three days before departure and receive a refund of up to 75 percent of the prepaid trip.

This type of insurance doesn’t come cheap. It’s usually 40 percent pricier than standard policies, and it typically must be purchased within three weeks of the first day you begin booking your travel plans, Barto said.

Some insurance policies are more family-friendly than others, so it’s smart to compare policies on TravelInsurance.com, Squaremouth, InsureMyTrip or other similar websites to assess whether the cost of the insurance would be worthwhile.

And if you’re thinking about traveling outside the United States and your health insurance doesn’t cover you while you’re abroad, you may want to consider medical travel insurance that would substitute for your United States health insurance. Experts recommend purchasing not only emergency medical coverage but also emergency medical transportation coverage.

News about the virus is changing by the day, and everyone has a different tolerance for risk. There are fewer and fewer places now where there aren’t reported cases.

“If you’re not going to enjoy your vacation because you’re nervous about this, then it’s probably not worth you going,” he said.

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