In addition, people who worked for large employers were more likely than those who worked for small businesses to get paid time off.
The CEPR report argues that the data are evidence that the U.S. lags other nations in offering workers time off, and is especially tough on low-wage and part-time workers.
John Schmitt, a senior economist with CEPR and one of the authors of the report, said that even when U.S. workers have paid time off available, they don’t always take it. Many may feel they don’t have enough job security to risk being out for a period even if they are entitled to the time, he said.
“I think what that means is that people get nervous about both asking for time off and taking time off,” Schmitt said.
But conservative thinkers counter that vacation is something that employers and employees can work out on their own.
“I don’t know of any compelling reason why the government has to decide for people in what way they want to get paid,” said Andrew Biggs, a resident scholar at the conservative-leaning American Enterprise Institute.
Schmitt said the data on paid vacation is little changed from the last time he did this same analysis six years ago, despite the weak economy and extremely tough job market of the past few years.
(Read More: Where the Summer Jobs Are)